Modern drilling equipment, which is the general world of conventional drilling equipment, is a set of large comprehensive unit. The power and transmission system, work system, control system, auxiliary system and a number of system and the corresponding equipment are the main parts of the drilling equipment.
Generally speaking, the main parts of the drilling equipment should include:
(1) The power system: to provide a complete set of unit energy shaker screen;
(2) drive system: in order to work unit of transmission, transmission, distribution, energy equipment;
(3) Working system: to work according to the requirement of the process equipment;
(4) Control system: control each working system, device, according to the technological requirements of equipment;
(5) Assist system: assist the main system of the equipment.
Drilling equipment is no exception, main parts of the drilling equipment should also include five big system. There is a lot of difference. The system of the main parts drilling equipment system is large. The working condition of each unit and the work characteristics of each are not identical. In accordance with the work of the unit characteristics of drilling equipment, the working system of drilling equipment is divided into three parts, namely rotation system, lifting system and circulatory system. In addition, it also has a separate clause for rig substructure system. So, a whole set of drilling equipment is composed of the following three system equipment.
Next, we introduce the main part of the drilling equipment.
1. The rotation system equipment:
In order to turn the borehole drilling tools and drive the drill bit broken rock, drilling equipment is equipped with a rotating mud gun. It is mainly composed of turntable, head, pipe string and bit. In addition, faucet, drill column and drill play the circulation pressure of drilling fluid function. It is the core of the rotating system, and is one of the three big job machine drills. Top drive drilling equipment is equipped with a top drive drilling device, and instead of the rotary table drive pipe string and bit.
2. Compose ring system equipment:
In order to cleaning the bottom of the well, carrying cuttings and protecting borehole wall timely, drill equipment is equipped with drilling fluid circulation system.
Drilling pump is the core of the circulatory system, and is one of the three big job machine drills.
3. Lifting equipment:
This equipment is mainly composed of draw works, auxiliary brake, hoisting system (such as wire rope, crown block and travelling block), hook and the derrick. Winch is the core of the hoisting system, and is one of the three big job machine drills. The three systems are directly in the service of drilling production equipment, and has three big equipment working system. Winch, rotary drilling machine is called a drill three work.
The main part of the drilling equipment is very important. They formed the important drill. Machinery has made important contributions to China.